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Elementary School Students’ Attitude toward Science and Related Variables
pp. 35-52 | DOI: 10.12973/ijese.2016.288a | Article Number: ijese.2016.004
Worldwide studies have revealed an important issue in that an increasing percentage of students within the X – Y age group are not interested in science. Many students, especially females, have negative feelings and attitudes toward science, which discourages them from continuing with scientific inquiries. There are limited studies related to the factors predicting school students’ attitude toward science; therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine the relationships among the seventh grade elementary students’ attitudes toward science, their learning approaches, motivational goals, science achievement and students’ nature of science (NOS) views. The questionnaires for this study were administered online to 3,598 seventh grade students in different regions and cities of Turkey. The convenience sampling method was used in this study. The correlation results revealed the positive relationship between attitude toward science and the other variables. Multiple regression analysis indicated that while students’ meaningful learning, self-efficacy, and nature of science views have a positive contribution, rote learning contributed negatively to the model. The findings also showed that parents’ income and education level had a significant effect on students’ attitude toward science.
Keywords: attitude toward science, motivational goal, self-efficacy, nature of science
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The Use of the Reflective Diaries in Science Lessons from the Perspectives of Eighth Grade Students
Melek Karaca, Fulya Öner Armağan & Oktay Bektaş
pp. 53-74 | DOI: 10.12973/ijese.2016.289a | Article Number: ijese.2016.005
The science teaching program in Turkey is restated with the effect of constructivist approach and science textbooks are prepared in accordance with this new program. Furthermore, reflective diaries using many techniques have started to be used in the teaching process. Reflective diaries have also started to be used in science education. The basic purpose of this research was to determine whether the use of reflective diaries changes eighth grade secondary school students’ views towards the science course or not. The method used in this study was that of qualitative research. Also, phenomenology was used as the design of the study. Thirty eight students from a secondary school in Kayseri participated in this study. Data were collected by using document analysis and semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed by using content analysis. Codes, themes, and categories were used during data analysis. The results were discussed by means of codes, themes, and categories. According to our findings, reflective diaries have changed participants’ views towards the science course positively. It was observed that all participants achieved meaningful learning on the stages of mitotic division and the importance of this division for organisms. The implications were discussed.
Keywords: meaningful learning, reflective diaries, phenomenology, science education, qualitative research, constructivism
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Conducting museum education activities within the context of developing a nature culture in primary school students: MTA natural history museum example
pp. 75-84 | DOI: 10.12973/ijese.2016.292a | Article Number: ijese.2016.006
The present study, aiming to develop nature culture in primary school students and to help them to become acquainted with their close environment, is a quasi-experimental study. Museum education activities were conducted with the study group which consisted of 128 fourth-grade primary school students. At the end of the study, the students gained understanding about the significance of the Anatolian land which is rich historically and culturally and has fauna and flora specific to the land. With the activities, the students built up nature culture regarding the country they live in through acquiring information about the Maraş elephant which lived in Kahramanmaraş in the past. The study also tried to increase the cognitive development levels of the students in relation to developing environmental consciousness and critical thinking skills, and interpreting about natural environment they live in.
Keywords: Nature Culture, Environmental Consciousness, Natural History Museums
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Rhizome-Modular Teaching of Students as a Basis of their Professional Creative Self-Consciousness Formation
Elena V. Bystritskaya, Irina Y. Burkhanova , Denis I. Voronin, Svetlana S. Ivanova & Elena L. Grigoryeva
pp. 85-94 | DOI: 10.12973/ijese.2015.293a | Article Number: ijese.2016.007
The relevance of the study is determined by a necessity to ensure contents unity of two professional education degrees: Bachelor’s and Master’s. The necessity to update higher professional education originates from the crisis of educational system state which is confirmed in theory and in practice. The purpose of the study is in definition of theoretical and methodological background for formation of professional creative self-consciousness of students in conditions of rhizome-modular teaching. Requirements are indicated for design of a rhizome teaching module in view of human-oriented education for the purposes of professional creative self-consciousness formation of students. Compliance with these requirements allows for formation and update of student’s self-consciousness in professional creative activities. The materials can be used to solve a wide range of educational problems. The study results can be used by High school teachers for the purposes of development of students’ professional creativity and formation of their professional self-consciousness.
Keywords: professional self-consciousness, professional creativity, rhizome-modular approach to education, teaching rhizome module
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