Special Issue - (2016)
Special Issue - (2015)
Special Issue - (2012)
pp. 3179-3199 | Article Number: ijese.2016.244
Published Online: July 29, 2016
Article Views: 472 | Article Download: 388
The aim of this study is to conduct a research under circumstances of Turkey about the validity and reliability of the Affective Tendencies towards Environmental Scale prepared by Yavetz, Goldman and Pe’er (2009). The translation of this scale to Turkish was done by the researchers and language specialists. And then, the scale was evaluated by the specialists in terms of relevance to Turkish content, measurement- evaluation. This scale on which some arrangements were made was applied to 521 fourth grade preservice science teachers studying in the state universities in Turkey to determine the validity and reliability. The findings related to the structure validity of the scale were provided by exploratory factor analysis method. Also, exploratory factor analysis was followed by the confirmatory factor analysis applied to the obtained structure. This scale is formed into four sub dimensions. The scale prepared by the 5-point Likert format containing 23 items. Cronbach Alpha reliability scale was found as 0.84; and found as 0.77 for Environmental Affective Tendency; it was 0.62 for Intention to act; 0.66 for prevention of damage to the environment and it was 65 for personal responsibilities.
Keywords: Teacher education, environmental education, environmental literacy
Atasoy, E., & Ertürk, H. (2008). A field study about environmental knowledge and attitudes of elementary scool students. Journal of Education Faculty, 10 (1), 105-122.
Bagner, D. M., Storch, E. A., & Roberti, J. W. (2004). A Factor analytic study of the loneliness and social dissatisfaction scale in a sample of african-american and hispanic-american children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 34(3), 237-250.
Bamberg, S., & Moser, G. (2007). Twenty years after Hines, Hungerford and Tomera: A new meta-analysis of psycho-social determinants of pro-environmental behavior. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27, 14-25.
Benzer, E., & Şahin F. (2012). Evaluation of preservice science teachers’ environmental literacy by using case studies throughout project based learning. Marmara University Journal of Educational Sciences, 35, 55-83
Bogner, F.X., & Wiseman, M. (1997). Environmental perception of urban and rural pupils. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 17, 111-122.
Brody, S.D., & H.C. Ryu.(2006). Measuring the educational impacts of a graduate course on sustainable development. Environmental Education Research 12(2), 179–99.
Büyüköztürk, Ş.,Bökeoğlu, Ö. Ç., & Köklü, N. (2008). Statistics for social sciences (3. Edition). Ankara: Pegem A Academy.
Çetin, B., Doğan, T., & Sapmaz, F. (2010). The turkish adaptation of brief fear of negative evaluation scale: the validity and reliability study. Education and Science, 35(156): 205-216
Cetin-Dindar, A., & Geban, O. (2015). Adaptation of the Science Motivation Scale into Turkish and Chemistry: Analysis of Validity. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 5(1), 19-38.
Cottrell, S.P., & Graefe, A.R. (1997). Testing a conceptual framework of responsible environmental behavior. The Journal of Environmental Education, 29(1), 17-27.
Disinger, J.F., & Roth, R.E. (1992). Environmental literacy. Columbus, OH: ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics and Environmental education, ED351201.
Dresner, M.G., & Gill, M. (1994). Environmental education at summer nature camp. Journal of Environmental Education, 25(3), 35-41.
Erdoğan, E., Kostava, Z., & Marcinkowski,T. (2009). Components of environmental literacy in elementary science education curriculum in Bulgaria and Turkey, Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology, 5(1), 15-26.
Erdogan, M., & Marcinkowski, T. (2015). Development and Validation of Children’s Environmental Affect (Attitude, Sensitivity and Willingness to take action) Scale. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 11(3) 577-588.
Erdoğan, M. (2007). An analysıs of a newly developed fourth and fıfth grade scıence and technology course currıculum: a qualıtatıve study. Turkish Journal of Educational Sciences, 5(2), 221-259.
Erdoğan, M. (2009). Fifth grade students’ environmental literacy and the factors affecting students’ environmentally responsible behaviors, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, The Graduate School of Social Sciences Middle East Technical University, Ankara.
Erkal, S., Şafak, Ş., & Yertutan, C. (2011). The role of family in creating awareness of sustainable development and environment. Socioeconomic, 1(110107), 145-158.
Field, A. (2000). Discovering Statistics using SPSS for Windows. London – Thousand Oaks – New Delhi: Sage publications
Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Fraj, E., & Martinez, E. (2006). Environmental Values and Lifestyles As Determining Factors Of Ecological Consumer Behaviour: An Empirical Analysis. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 23(3), 133-144.
Geuens, M., & Pelsmacker, P. D. (2002). Validity and reliability of scores on the reduced emotional intensity scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 62(2), 299–315.
Gizir, S. (2005). In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy in the department of educational sciences, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Middle East Technical University, Ankara.
Hadjichambis, A.C., Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, D., Ioannou, H., Georgiou,Y., & Manoli, C.C. (2015). Integrating sustainable consumption into environmental education: A case study on environmental representations, decision making and intention to act. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 10, 67-86.
Hambleton, R. K., & De Jong, J. H. A. L. (2003). Advances in translating and adapting educational and psychological tests. Language Testing, 20, 127-134.
Hines, J. M., Hungerford, H. R., & Tomera, A. N. (1987). Analysis and synthesis of research on responsible environmental behavior: A meta-analysis. Journal of Environmental Education, 18(2), 1-8.
Hines, J., Hungerford, H., & Tomera, A. (1986/87). Analysis and synthesis of research on responsible environmental behavior: A meta-analysis. The Journal of Environmental Education, 18(2), 1-8.
Hollweg, K. S., Taylor, J. R., Bybee, R. W., Marcinkowski, T. J., McBeth, W. C., & Zoido, P. (2011). Developing a framework for assessing environmental literacy. Washington, DC: North American Association for Environmental Education. Available at http://www.naaee.net.
Hsu, S.J. (2004). The effects of an environmental education program on responsible environmental behaviour and associated environmental literacy variable in Taiwanese college students. Journal of Environmental Education 35(2), 37–48.
Hsu, S.J., & Roth, R.E. (1999). Predicting Taiwanese secondary teachers’ responsible environmental behavior through environmental literacy variables. The Journal of Environmental Education, 30(4), 11-18.
Hungerfold, H., Volk, T., & Ramsey, J. (1990). Science technology society investigating and evaluating STS Issues and solutions. Champaign, IL: Stipes Publishing Company.
Hungerford, H., & Peyton. R. (1976). Teaching environmental education. Portland: ME: J. Weston Walch, Publisher.
Hungerford, H.R., & Volk, T.L. (1990). Changing learner behavior through environmental education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 21(3), 8-22.
Hwang, Y.H., Kim, S. I., & Jeng, J.M. (2000). Examining the Causal Relationships among Selected Antecedents Rresponsible Environmental Behaviour. The journal of environmental education, 31(4), 19-25.
Jöreskog, K., & Sörbom, D. (2001). LISREL 8: user’s reference guide, scientific software ınternational, Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International, Inc.
Karasar, N. (2006). Scientific research method. Ankara: Nobel Publishing.
Kahle, L.R. (1996). Social values and consumer behaviour: Research from the list of values. The Psychology of Values: The Ontario Symposium, 8, 135-50, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers
Kals, E., & Maes, J. (2002). Sustainable development and emotions. In P. Schmuck & W.P. Schultz (Eds.), Psychology of Sustainable Development (pp. 97-122). Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Kaya, N.Ç. ve Turan, F. (2005). Environmental knowledge and sensitivity among eight –grade students: a study of the state and private primary schools’ sample in Ankara. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 21,103-112.
Kayri, M., & Günüç, S. (2009). The adaptation of internet addiction scale into turkish: the study of validity and reliability. Ankara University, Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 42 (1), 57-175.
Kışoğlu, M. (2009). Investıgatıon the effect of student centered ınstructıon on of prospectıve teachers’ envıronmental lıteracy. Unpublished Doctoral Thezis, Atatürk University, Erzurum
Kollmuss, A., & Agyeman, J. (2002). Mind the gap: Why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to. Environmental Education Research, 8(3), 239–260
Lawson, A.E., Costenson, K., & Cisneros, R. (1984). A summary of Research in science education. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED269220)
Liu, S. C., & Lin, H. (2015). Exploring undergraduate students’ mental models of the environment: Are they related to environmental affect and behavior? The Journal of Environmental Education, 46(1), 23-40.
Marcinkowski, T. (1991) The relationship between environmental literacy and responsible environmental behaviour in environmental education. In Maldague, M. (Ed). Methods and techniques for evaluating environmental education. Paris: UNESCO.
McCarty, J.A., & Shrum, L.J. (2001). The Influence of Individualism, Collectivism, and Locus of Control on Environmental Beliefs and Behaviour. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 20(1), 93-104.
Mcdonald, R.P., & Moon-Hoo, R. (2002). Principles and practice in reporting structural equation analyses. Psychological Methods, 7(1), 64-82.
Ministry of Education [ME] (2013). The science curriculum. Ankara: Board of Education.
Morrone, M., Mancl, K., & Carr, K. (2001). Development of a metric to test group differences in ecological knowledge as one component of environmental literacy. Journal of Environmental Education 32(4), 33–42.
Oxford English Dictionary. (1989) (2 ed.). Clarendon Press.
Ozdemir, O., & Uzun, N. (2006). The effect of science and nature activities carried out according to green class model on preschool student’s environment perception. Journal of Child Development and Education, 3(1).
Pallant, J. (2001). SPSS survival manual. a step-by-step guide to data analyses using SPSS for windows. Philadelphia, PA: Open University Press.
Pe'er, S., Goldman, D., & Yavetz, B. (2007). Environmental literacy in teacher training: Environmental attitudes, knowledge and behavior of beginning students. Journal of Environmental Education, 39(1), 45–59.
Peterson, N. (1982). Developmental variables affecting environmental sensitivity in professional environmental educators. Unpublished master’s thesis, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.
Richardson, J.T.E. (1994). Cultural specificity of approaches of studying in higher education: a literature survey. Higher Education, 27, 449–468.
Roth, C.E. (1992). Environmental literacy: Its roots, evolution and directions in the 1990s. Columbus OH: ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics and Environmental Education.
Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, 80. (Whole No. 609).
Ryu, H.C., & Brody. S.D (2006). Examining the impacts of a graduate course on sustainable development using ecological footprint analysis. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education 7(2), 158–75.
Sadik, F., & Sarı, M. (2010). Student teachers’ attitudes towards environmental problems and their level of environmental knowledge. Cukurova University Faculty of Education Journal, 39, 129-141
Şahin, K., & Gül, S (2009). A survey of environmental knowledge ve behaviour and awareness of secondary students: Samsun sample. Kastamonu Education Journal, 17(2):541-556.
Şahin, N. (1994). Scale use of research in psychology, Turkish Journal of Psychology, 9(33),19–26.
Savaşır, I. (1994). Some problems and solutions in scale adaptation. Turkish Journal of Psychology, 33 (9), 27-32
Savaşır, I. (1994). Problems about scale adoption and some solutions, Turkish Journal of Psychology, 9 (33), 27–32.
Şeker, H., & Gençdoğan, B. (2006). Developing measurement tools in psychology and education. Ankara: Nobel Publishing
Sever, R. & Yalçınkaya, E. (2012). Examining the Environmental Attitudes of Pre-Service Teachers on Primary School Teaching. Marmara Geographical Review, 26, 1-15.
Şimşek, Ö. F. (2006). Structural equation modeling basic principles and lisrell applications. İstanbul: Ekinoks Publishing.
Şimşekli, Y. (2004). Sensitivity of Elemantary Schools to the Environmental Education Activities For Increasing Environmental Knowledge. Journal of the Uludağ University Faculty of Education, 17 (1), 2004, 83-92.
Sireci S.G., & Berberoğlu, G. (2000). Using bilingual respondents to evaluate translated-adapted items. Applied Measurement in Education, 13(3), 229-248.
Stables, A. (1998). Environmental literacy: functional, cultural, critical. The case of the SCAA guidelines. Environmental Education Research, 4(2), 155-164.
Sward, L.L., &Marcinkowski, T. (2001). Environmental sensitivity; A review of the research, 1980-1998. In H. Hungerford, W. Bluhm, T. Volk and J Ramsey (Eds.), Essential Readings in Environmental Education (pp. 277-288). Champaign, IL: Stipes Publishing, L.L.C.
Tabachnick, G.B., & Fidell, L.S. (2001). Using multivariate statistics (fourth edition). USA: Allyon and Bacon Press.
Tanner, T. (1980). Significant life experiences: A new research area in environmental education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 11(4), 20-24.
Taşkın, Ö. (2005). An evaluation of the studies on environmental attitude and knowledge. Education & Science, 30(138), 78- 85.
Teksoz, G., Sahin, E., & Tekkaya-Oztekin, C. (2012). Modeling environmental literacy of university students. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 21(1), 157-166
Uluçınar Sağır, Ş., Aslan, O., & Cansaran, A. (2008). The examination of elementary school students' environmental knowledge and environmental attitudes with respect to the different variables, Elementary Education Online, 7(2), 496-51
UNESCO (1989), Environmental literacy for all, Connect, 14(2), 1-2
UNESCO (1978). Final report: Intergovernmental conference on environmental education. Paris, France: Author.
Ural, A., & Kılıç, I. (2005). Scientific research process and data analysis with SPSS. Ankara: Detay Publishing.
Uzun, N., Atlı, K., & Sağlam, N. (2010). Evaluation of the High School Students’ Environmental Attitudes and Interest Levels: Kalecik-Turkey Sample, Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 41, 165-181.
World Commission on the Environment and Development. (1987). Our common future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Yavetz, B, Goldman D.,& Pe’er, S. (2009). Environmental literacy of pre-service teachers in Israel: a comparison between students at the onset and end of their studies. Environmental Education Research. 15(4), 393-415.