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pp. 41-60 | Article Number: ijese.2019.004
Published Online: February 05, 2019
Article Views: 300 | Article Download: 383
Many models in educational have tried to clarify the causal relationships of motivation variables on student performance, by presenting hypothesized models, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) under structural equation modeling (SEM). Based on the literature, this model inspected the most robust stimuli of motivation: intrinsic, extrinsic, amotivation, self-efficacy and achievement motivation alongside with other variables like parental education, location, musculoskeletal pain (MSP), student body mass index (BMI), bag weights and tuition. SEM (unmodified and modified) is used to clarify the interrelationships of these variables and their relative contributions to academic performance. The sample consists of 324 students from Forest-Side State Secondary School (Boys). The results show that as predicted the latent variable motivation, mother education, private tuition and weights of bags have direct effects on students‘ performance using the modified standardized coefficients.
Keywords: motivation, academic performance, students, SEM
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