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Modeling Academic Professional Performance in Higher Education
pp. 1689-1708 | Article Number: ijese.2017.109
As a developing country, Indonesia is facing problems regarding lecturer performance. This study was intended to provide empirical evidence among variables related lecturer performance and to investigate the effect of reward system, lecturer satisfaction and commitment on lecturer performance in higher education institutions in Indonesia. A closed ended questionnaire was administered to collect data and 750 questionnaires were distributed by using snow ball sampling method to public and private universities in Indonesia. About 347 questionnaires were returned and could be further analyzed. Respondents were required to indicate their level of agreement on various items with a five-point scale. Path analysis was employed to test research hypotheses. Independent t-test and Anova test were also conducted to investigate the differences impact demographic data on the variables being examined. This research found that higher reward system, lecturer commitment and lecturer satisfaction significantly improve lecturer performance in higher education institutions in Indonesia. The findings and limitations are discussed and recommendations for education policy makers and researchers are also provided.
Keywords: Lecturer performance, reward, satisfaction, commitment, higher education
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Ghanaian Senior High School Students’ Error in Learning of Trigonometry
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pp. 1709-1717 | Article Number: ijese.2017.110
The purpose of the study was to explore students’ error in learning trigonometry. The samples were 100 students who were final year students preparing to write the 2017 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) in the Central region of Ghana. The Mathematics Achievement Tests (MAT) and Trigonometrical Diagnostic Test (TDT) were used as the instruments of this study that included two components: the use of formula and right-angled method. Diagnostic interview was also used to identify the level at which students’ errors occur in solving problems involving trigonometry. The type of errors is based on Newman Error Hierarchy Model that includes reading type error, comprehension, transformation, process skill, encoding error and carelessness. The findings of the study showed that most students make error in process skill and transformation irrespective of the method used in solving trigonometry problems. There was no error found in students’ reading skills. The number of students who made encoding error and carelessness was relatively low. The students’ error in solving trigonometry problems was due to their weaknesses in basic arithmetical operations. The implication of the study was highlighted and recommendations were made based on the findings.
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Development of Instrument to Assess Cognitive Process and Product in Biology Senior High School
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pp. 1719-1735 | Article Number: ijese.2017.111
The aim of this study was to develop the instrument(s) to access the senior high school (SHS) student competence of cognitive process and product dimensions on Biology. The developed instruments were written objective test in form of multiple-choice test and objective description test (multiple-choice test with argumentation). The research modified the instrument item development procedure from L.L. Oriondo & E.M. Dallo-Antonio (2008). The procedure consists of (1) instrument item drafting, and (2) field testing. The item drafting was be done via (a) determining aspects of competence to test, (b) determining a relevant biology subject matter(s), (c) developing table of instrument specification, (d) constructing the instrument items, (e) composing criteria for scoring, (f) reviewing the instrument item(s), and (g) revising. The field testing was being done in April-October 2016 involving 1126 Biology SHS students came from 4 representative provinces of Indonesia as respondent. The field testing data was be analyzed descriptively using QUEST, BILOG, and Parscale to find-out validity and reliability of the instrument items, including the goodness of fit, difficulty index, reliability estimate, item characteristic curve (ICC), Standard Error of Measurement (SEM), and standard error of measurement (SEM). Results of the research showed that the developed instrument was valid and reliable. The objective test items have an INFIT MNSQ 1,00 and standard deviation of 0,04; The objective description test items have an INFIT MNSQ 1,00 and standard deviation of 0,13. Difficulty indexes for the test items were in good criteria (ranged -0.75 to +0,7). Reliabilities of item estimate were 0,94 (for objective test item) and 0.80 (for objective description test item). ICC for almost all objective test items showed the high ability and showed the low ability for almost all objective description test items. SEMs for the item were -1,5 < θ < 2,5 (for objective test) and -2,7 < θ < 1,9 (for objective description test); Its means the items were fit for student with low and high ability.
Keywords: objective and objective description test item, cognitive process and product dimensions, biology SHS
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Build-it-Yourself Atomic Modeling Kit: Development of a Low Cost Atomic Modeling Kit Using Waste Material for Middle and Upper Level School Students
U.N.D Wijayawardana & M. N. Kaumal
pp. 1737-1742 | Article Number: ijese.2017.112
To understand most of the chemistry concepts, it is essential to have an adequate knowledge on the three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in compounds. Since molecules and polyatomic ions have specific three-dimensional shapes, students often find it difficult to visualize the molecular geometry with the abstract concepts. It can be observed that without providing the vital educational tools such as atomic models and personal computer based modeling software, it is difficult to achieve the desired objectives of teaching some concepts in chemistry. Molecular modeling kits are hardly available in schools and in open market in Sri Lanka and most other developing countries. These two issues are identified as difficulties faced by Sri Lankan students studying chemistry in urban and rural areas. This study explains the development of a build-it-yourself low cost atomic modeling kit using waste material. This proposed build-it-yourself atomic modeling kit can be built by students themselves with a minimum effort. These atomic model based class room teaching practices allow students to visualize and understand spatial arrangement of atoms for given molecules. Also, the use of waste material generated in the classroom help students to understand the ways they can contribute to minimize the environmental pollution.
Keywords: atomic modeling kit, waste, low cost, build-it-yourself
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A Fixed Point Theorem for Triangular Surface Mapping and Functions of Different
pp. 1743-1749 | Article Number: ijese.2017.113
As indicated in the example, the presence of fixed –points, Triangular Surface mapping and requirements for uniqueness can be tolerated but it is not important.
Keywords: Fixed Point,Functions, Triangular Surface
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Assessing People’s Behavior towards Recycling, a Case of Upper Claremont South Africa
R. O. Anyasi & H. I. Atagana
pp. 1751-1764 | Article Number: ijese.2017.115
This paper aimeds to survey the behaviour of households towards recycling as a sustainable means of waste management. This is to establish the impact of such behaviour in limiting the success of recycling practise. 400 randomly selected households in the suburb of Upper Claremont in the city of Cape Town, South Africa, were used in the study. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire targeted at the head or breadwinner of each household in the area. Analysis of the results showed that 67.3 % of the sampled households do not recycle waste, meaning that many efforts should be geared towards awareness creation for people to understand the benefits. There was lack of basic recycling education and guidance and inadequacy in infrastructure and services and it negatively deters the interest for recycling. Pearson correlation analysis showed a significant and positive relationship (r = 0.89, p = 0.003) (significant level at p ˂ 0.05) between waste management concerns and the responsibility taken by the households in their individual recycling ability. SWOT analysis conducted indicated an increase in environmental awareness as the strength, insufficiently developed recycling collection infrastructure as the weakness, development of convenient recycling collection infrastructures and incentives like tax reduction as opportunities, while the threats has to do with the fact that recycling may not become financially rewarding on the short run. It was recommended government should do more installing more convenient recycling depots in Upper Claremont area, as well as raising environmental awareness campaigns.
Keywords: Recycling survey, Household Waste management, Upper Claremont, Peoples behaviour, SWOT analysis
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A Study Of Challenges And Opportunities For The Development Of Tourism In Coastal Villages: The Case Study Of Villages In Babolsar
Aliakbar Najafi Kani
pp. 1765-1776 | Article Number: ijese.2017.116
Tourism development if accompanied with proper planning and principles plays a major role in empowering local areas particularly in coastal villages by creating new job opportunities, reducing unemployment and bringing economic growth. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the strengths and opportunities and also the weaknesses and threats for the development of tourism and to provide guidelines on the development of coastal villages in the north of Iran. This study is an applied type with a descriptive-analytical method. The sample of the present research consists of coastal villages. After identifying the parameters, a questionnaire was designed in which 200 villagers, experts and officials of the tourism sector in the population were selected using Cochran formula. Finally, using descriptive analysis and factor analysis in SPSS, data were analyzed. The results of the factor analysis suggests that various investigated factors as weaknesses or threats were classified into four categories. 72.41 percent of total variance and the rest of 27.59 % were related to factors beyond the scope of this study. It is worth noting that the main challenges facing the development of coastal villages were infrastructure, environmental, health, socio-cultural and economical challenges. Also, different investigated factors as strengths were grouped into four categories which explain 70.36 percent of total variance and the rest of 29.64 percent are related to the factors beyond the scope of this study. Moreover, opportunities were environmental, economical, socio-cultural and infrastructure ones.
Keywords: challenges, opportunities, tourism, coastal villages
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Analysis and study of the principles and methods of short-thumb in Hindi style, with emphasis on poems of Bidel Dehlavi
Bahman Nezhat, Alireza Mozafari, Rooholla Naseri
pp. 1777-1787 | Article Number: ijese.2017.114
The brief recitation of the late has been the subject of literary poetry in Persian poetry. In the history of human culture and civilization, people's speeches are usually started by briefness. Referring to the stone written in Hegmataneh and Pasargad, one can conclude that in the most extreme sentences, the ancestors have raised allegations and stories. In the style of Hindi (Esfahani), poets and writers, have created many works in the field of Persian culture and literature. Saeb or Bidl each have composed about 100,000 verses, but they are the hallmark of their character. But it seemed that most of the poets and writers of this period were more inclined to excel. The abundance of allegory and proverbs in this period is proof of this claim. This article tries to study the importance of short stories in Indian style, especially in the poems of Bidol Dehlavi, and by examining its historical course, the presence of this type of short story in contemporary literature, and even in the daily writings of the people and the causes of the people's desire for short messages In the virtual world, it says.
Keywords: Briefing, Hindi style, briefness, single verse
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