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Elementary School Students’ Attitude toward Science and Related Variables

Esme Hacieminoglu

pp. 35-52  |   DOI: 10.12973/ijese.2016.288a
Published Online: February 02, 2016
Article Views: 3453  |  Article Download: 6209


Worldwide studies have revealed an important issue in that an increasing percentage of students within the X – Y age group are not interested in science. Many students, especially females, have negative feelings and attitudes toward science, which discourages them from continuing with scientific inquiries. There are limited studies related to the factors predicting school students’ attitude toward science; therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine the relationships among the seventh grade elementary students’ attitudes toward science, their learning approaches, motivational goals, science achievement and students’ nature of science (NOS) views. The questionnaires for this study were administered online to 3,598 seventh grade students in different regions and cities of Turkey. The convenience sampling method was used in this study. The correlation results revealed the positive relationship between attitude toward science and the other variables. Multiple regression analysis indicated that while students’ meaningful learning, self-efficacy, and nature of science views have a positive contribution, rote learning contributed negatively to the model. The findings also showed that parents’ income and education level had a significant effect on students’ attitude toward science. 

Keywords: attitude toward science, motivational goal, self-efficacy, nature of science


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Circular Migration and its Impacts in the Current Stage of Globalization

Magdalena Privarova and Andrej Privara

pp. 12909-12917  |   DOI:
Published Online: October 22, 2016
Article Views: 2027  |  Article Download: 6134


In recent years, the concept of circular migration is increasingly getting into the center of attention among economic theorists as well as decision-makers in the field of international labor migration. In the current conditions of globalization, circular migration could solve some of the pitfalls encountered on the return migration. This paper outlines the genesis of the concept of circular migration and analyses the impacts of this phenomenon on the development of countries of origin. It also draws attention to the need of establishing mechanisms to ensure the circulating nature of migration movement. To do this, it is necessary to meet certain conditions. In this context, international cooperation on migration is a necessary condition for a “win-win-win” strategy as an important part of circular migration. The paper outlines the various forms of this cooperation.

Keywords: Circular migration, development of countries of origin, international cooperation


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Basman Tompo, Arifin Ahmad & Muris Muris

pp. 5676-5686  |   DOI:
Published Online: August 13, 2016
Article Views: 1870  |  Article Download: 1499


The main objective of this research was to develop discovery inquiry (DI) learning model to reduce the misconceptions of Science student level of secondary school that is valid, practical, and effective. This research was an R&D (research and development). The trials of discovery inquiry (DI) learning model were carried out in two different classes in SMPN 2 Maros, South Sulawesi. The results of the study after two trials showed that the discovery inquiry (DI) learning model have been valid, practical, and effective. The discovery inquiry (DI) learning model is stated to be valid because the assessment of all learning components conducted by validator meets the elements of validity. It is stated to be practical because the discovery inquiry (DI) learning component is fully implemented, and the ability of teachers to manage learning is at the high category. It is stated to be effective because the misconceptions of Science student are in the medium category. The activities of students in learning are fulfilled the ideal time achievement, and the results of the students’ questionnaire give the positive respond to discovery inquiry (DI) learning. It is concluded that the discovery inquiry (DI) learning model to reduce the misconception of Science students meets the criteria of valid, practical, and effective.

Keywords: Discovery inquiry, misconceptions of science, learning model


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The Climate Change Attitude Survey: Measuring Middle School Student Beliefs and Intentions to Enact Positive Environmental Change

Rhonda Christensen & Gerald Knezek

pp. 773-788  |   DOI: 10.12973/ijese.2015.276a
Published Online: September 13, 2015
Article Views: 1735  |  Article Download: 2431


The Climate Change Attitude Survey is composed of 15 Likert-type attitudinal items selected to measure students’ beliefs and intentions toward the environment with a focus on climate change. This paper describes the development of the instrument and psychometric performance characteristics including reliability and validity. Data were gathered from 1576 middle school students from across the United States in 2014 to validate the instrument and establish the measurement properties of the instrument’s scales. Factor analysis revealed two stable constructs representing beliefs and intentions, which were reconfirmed through multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis techniques. Internal consistency reliability was found to be respectable for the survey as a whole as well as the two separate scales. The Climate Change Attitude Survey was created to fill a void in the measurement of middle school students’ affective responses to the environment and climate change. Educators may find this survey useful for assessing pre- to post intervention attitude changes as well as for identifying differences in selected groups of students. Further development is targeted to include adding new constructs as well as testing the instrument with different population subgroups. 

Keywords: environment, middle school students, climate change, survey instrument


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Understanding Scientific Texts: From Structure to Process and General Culture

Ferhat Ensar & Muhammed Eyyüp Sallabaş

pp. 29-34  |   DOI: 10.12973/ijese.2016.287a
Published Online: January 01, 2016
Article Views: 1717  |  Article Download: 1515


In this study, the historical development of experimental research on learning processes from scientific texts has been introduced. Then a detailed analysis of the main contributions of cognitive science has been provided and the theoretical developments that are considered to have had a major role in the comprehension and understanding of scientific texts have been dwelled on. Our premise is to determine how development in understanding the basics of the comprehension of scientific text has been achieved and indicate the best way to continue research in the fields in which there has been less development. For this reason, types of theoretical developments required in order to make progress within the framework of learning processes from scientific texts have been included in this analysis. Thus, a contribution will be made in terms of better interpretation of the scientific texts used in environmental and science education. 

Keywords: Scientific text, expository text, comprehension, environmental education


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Classifying The Standards Via Revised Bloom's Taxonomy: A Comparison of Pre-Service and In- Service Teachers

Serhat Kocakaya & Nihat Kotluk

pp. 11297-11318  |   DOI:
Published Online: November 11, 2016
Article Views: 1580  |  Article Download: 1126


The aim of this study is (a) to investigate the usefulness of Bloom's revised taxonomy (RBT) for classification of standards, (b) to examine the differences and similarities between pre-service teachers' and in-service teachers' classification of the same standards and (c) to determine which standards are vague and broad. The 45 standards, in the Turkish 10th Grade Physics Syllabus, were categorized by the 16 participants, who were divided into two groups. The first group included eight pre-service physics and the second group included eight in-service physics teachers, in Turkey. Firstly, each participant classified the standards using RBT individually, then, they classified the standards with their group. We compared their all classification of standards. The usefulness of Revised Bloom Taxonomy for classification of standards, the differences between individually classification and the groups' and, differences between the pre-service and in- service teachers groups' classifications, (c) the standards which are broad and vague were discussed. 

Keywords: Revised Bloom's Taxonomy; classifying standards; pre-service teachers; in-service teachers; physics syllabus


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How Do Turkish Middle School Science Coursebooks Present the Science Process Skills?

Oktay Aslan

pp. 829-843  |   DOI: 10.12973/ijese.2015.279a
Published Online: October 10, 2015
Article Views: 1342  |  Article Download: 988


An important objective in science education is the acquisition of science process skills (SPS) by the students. Therefore, science coursebooks, among the main resources of elementary science curricula, are to convey accurate SPS. This study is a qualitative study based on the content analysis of the science coursebooks used at middle schools. In the present study, 653 science activities presented in 10 Turkish science coursebooks used for teaching science at the 5th to 8th grade were analyzed. The findings show that activities in the coursebooks are in the planning and starting skill level of SPS. The overall investigation of the science coursebooks revealed that the SPS recommended in science curriculums are not reflected in the science coursebooks used in middle schools. Skills like variables determination and controlling-changing variables are either included at the lowest rates or not at all in the science coursebooks employed. In addition, the representation of each skill varies according to the grade, publisher, and unit. 

Keywords: science process skills, science coursebooks, science activities, middle school


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Predicting Turkish Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Orientations to Teaching Science with Epistemological Beliefs, Learning Conceptions, and Learning Approaches in Science

Elif Adibelli Şahin, Hasan Deniz & Mustafa Sami Topçu

pp. 515-534  |   DOI: 10.12973/ijese.2016.333a
Published Online: April 18, 2016
Article Views: 1308  |  Article Download: 1010


The present study investigated to what extent Turkish preservice elementary teachers’ orientations to teaching science could be explained by their epistemological beliefs, conceptions of learning, and approaches to learning science. The sample included 157 Turkish preservice elementary teachers. The four instruments used in the study were School Physics Teachers’ Conceptions of Teaching (Gao & Watkins, 2002), the Epistemic Belief Inventory (Schraw, Bendixen, & Dunkle, 2002), and the Conceptions of Learning Science and the Approaches to Learning Science questionnaires (Lee, Johanson, & Tsai, 2008). Step-wise multiple regression analyses indicated that the teacher-centered/moulding orientation to teaching science was mostly predicted by unfruitful learning approaches, naïve epistemological beliefs, and traditional learning conceptions in science. On the other hand, the student-centered/cultivating orientation to teaching science was mostly explained by constructivist learning conceptions in science. These findings suggest that epistemological beliefs, learning approaches, and learning conceptions are important factors in the genesis of conceptions of teaching science. 

Keywords: epistemological beliefs, elementary preservice teachers, teaching conceptions, learning conceptions, learning approaches


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Marketing Mix for E-commerce

Elena V. Pogorelova, Irina V. Yakhneeva, Anna N. Agafonova & Alla O. Prokubovskaya

pp. 6744-6759  |   DOI:
Published Online: September 13, 2016
Article Views: 1295  |  Article Download: 6180


The relevance of the analyzed issue is caused by the need to study the process of transformation of marketing in e-commerce, as the active involvement of business organizations in the field of e-business is often accompanied by problems of applying the usual marketing tools in a virtual environment. The article seeks to identify changes in the elements of the marketing mix in e-commerce in accordance with the trend of e-business and Internet technology. The leading approach to the study of this issue is the marketing model 7P, allowing structuring the changes in a complex of marketing tools with regard to trade and information services of online stores. The results of research were: to establish the determining role of technology and information support of consumers; to identify the areas of transformation of the marketing mix in e-commerce, demonstrating the significant influence of consumers on the content of 7P and personalize the supply of goods and services. The article may be useful for online stores in case of marketing strategy development, identification of the most important elements of 7P, assessment of marketing effectiveness and optimization of marketing costs.

Keywords: Customer behavior, digital economy, e-commerce, marketing mix


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An Analysis of the Readiness and Implementation of 2013 Curriculum in The West Part of Seram District, Maluku Province, Indonesia

Dominggus Rumahlatu, Estevanus K. Huliselan &Johanis Takaria

pp. 5662-5675  |   DOI:
Published Online: August 13, 2016
Article Views: 1293  |  Article Download: 989


The changes of curriculum by government always generate pros and cons endlessly. Similarly, the implementation of 2013 Curriculum, which has been established by the government, makes most of the school educators throughout Indonesia including West Seram district try hard to implement the curriculum. Given that there are a lot schools in the West part of Seram District which are located in remote areas, it is necessary to analyze the readiness of the implementation of the 2013 curriculum in the west part of Seram district, Maluku province, Indonesia to determine the readiness of the students, teachers, and even schools in the implementation of 2013 curriculum. This is a descriptive research which focused on the readiness and implementation of the 2013 curriculum in elementary schools (SD/MI), junior high schools (SMP/MTS), and senior high schools (SMA/MA) at the west part of Seram district of Maluku province. The data were collected using a questionnaire containing seven indicators. The results of this research show that the students and the teachers in West part of Seram district regency are ready to implement the 2013 curriculum. Even, there have been some schools that have implemented the curriculum. However, there are still some inhibiting factors in the implementation of 2013 Curriculum in West part of Seram district namely the lack of handbooks for teachers and students, the mental readiness of teachers and students which are not yet optimally prepared, and the dissemination that has not reached all schools.

Keywords: 2013 Curriculum (K-13), readiness level, implementation level


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